More info about laminate

1. Laminate | Composition
2. Laminate | Installation
3. Laminate | Advantages and disadvantages
4. Laminate | What is the significance of the AC classes for laminate

 1. Laminate | Composition:

Laminate structure

  1. Wear-resistant protective layer:
    This hard, transparent layer protects against scratches and other damage.
  2. Image layer
    This is a paper layer consisting of a photo of wood grain. It determines the ultimate appearance of the laminate and therefore the pattern of the plank.
  3. HDF (High-density fiberboard)
    This is the flooring carrier and consists of highly compressed wood fibres mixed with a synthetic resin adhesive.
  4. Foundation layer (melamine) or the balance layer: 
    This layer provides dimensional stability.

A laminate floor can be installed in almost any room: the living room, the kitchen, the bedrooms, the office and the hall. The only rooms in which laminate is not suitable are the bathroom and the sauna. The top layer is water-resistant but the carrier can swell in the presence of high humidity levels. In other rooms, stagnate moisture - for example, a spilled glass of water - must be immediately removed.

2. Laminate | Installation

info View the installation instructions here.

3. Laminate | Advantages and disadvantages


  • Hygienic
  • Budget-friendly
  • Simple installation
  • Easy to maintain
  • Locally damaged planks can be easily replaced.
  • Durable
  • Surface structure: not only visible but also embossed
  • Suitable for underfloor heating: with a floating installation, make sure that the subfloor is suitable for installation on underfloor heating.


  • Repetition of planks (pattern): This reveals that laminate is not real parquet.
  • Feels harder than parquet - is less ‘warm’.
  • Damage is impossible of nearly impossible to repair. Replacement is usually the only solution.
  • Noise nuisance: This can be improved by laying a suitable subfloor.

4. Laminate | What is the significance of the AC classes for laminate?

These classes are a European quality standard. A distinction is made between laminate for residential use and that for commercial use. The assigned classification depends on criteria such as the wear- and impact-resistance, the scratch- and stain-resistance, the lightfastness and the effect of chair legs and stiletto heels, for example.

  • AC1 class 21: light use (for example, in the bedroom)
  • AC1 class 22: normal use (for example, in the living room)
  • AC3 class 23: intensive use (light commercial use)
  • AC3 class 31: intensive use (normal commercial use)
  • AC4 class 32: heavy use (normal commercial use)
  • AC5 class 33: very heavy use (intensive commercial use)


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